A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, the system of jagirs was retained by Rajput and Sikh kingdoms, and later . The Mughals continued the Jagirdari system while making slight changes to the way they ruled. Under Mughals, the Jagirdars were allowed to collect taxes. Jāgīrdār system: Jagirdar system, a form of land tenancy developed in India during The early Mughal emperors (16th century) wished to abolish it, preferring to.
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An important feature of the jagirdari system was shifting of jagir-holders from one jagir to another for administrative reasons.
He wanted to impose law and order in remote areas. The jagirdar was allowed to collect only authorised revenue mal wajib in accordance with the Imperial regulations.
The early Mughal emperors 16th century wished to abolish it, preferring to reward their officials with cash salaries, but it was reintroduced by the later emperors and contributed greatly to the weakening of the Mughal state. Though in theory, the Mansabdari position was open to all, in jjagirdari, the Mughals gave importance to heredity factor and as such Khanzads or house-born and Zamindars were given preference along with Turanis, Iranis, Afghans, Rajputs and Marathas and the Deccanis by Aurangzeb in particular for military reasons.
This page was last edited on 28 Novemberat However, none of the assignments was permanent or hereditary. There was a problem with your submission.
Articles containing Persian-language text Articles containing Bengali-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Use dmy dates from Mughald We also come to know that those who had or less than were called Mansabdars. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Delhi sultanateprincipal Muslim sultanate in north India from the 13th to the 16th century.
Skip to content ,ughals Jagirdari System The system of assignment of revenue of a particular territory to the nobles for their services to the state continued under the Mughals also. Watan jagirs, which were assigned to zamindars chieftains in their homelands.
The Mughal emperors, too, did the same. We also notice an evolution in the beginning and the growth of this institution.
Jagirdari System | Ramita Udayashankar –
Internet URLs are the best. Altamgha Jagirs were given to Muslim nobles in their family towns or place of birth.
They also maintained armed forces and forts depending on their status. The system was introduced by the Sultans of Delhi from the 13th century onwards, was later adopted by the Mughal Empireand continued under the British East India Company.
Role of Mansabdari and Jagirdari System During Mughal Empire
Calcutta and Plassey significance in Indian history In India: History of Alienations in the Province of Sind. However, in nughals, jagirs became hereditary to the male lineal heir of the jagirdar. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Some Hindu jagirdars were converted into Muslim vassal states under Mughal imperial sway, such as the nawwabs of Kurnool.
The maximum area of the territory was assigned to Mansabdars on the basis of their rank. Mughasl of lands and revenues follow. The jagirdar did not act alone, but appointed administrative layers for revenue collection. A History of Modern India, Under Shahjahan, new regulations prescribing the size of the contingent under various sawar ranks were introduced.
At the same time, it was used for distributing the revenue resources among the ruling classes. Organization of the nobility and the army In India: In case the recorded Jama was in excess of salary claim the assignee was required to deposit the balance with the central treasury.
A jagir was technically a feudal life estateas the grant reverted to the state upon the jagirdar’s death.