Instruction nº 01/, which establishes the criteria for sustainable .. outras providências (Decreto nº , de 23 de dezembro de ). de Residuos Solidos (Lei 12,/), Decreto Regulamentador (Dec. 7,/ ), Responsabilidade Compartilhada, Logistica Reversa. The City currently landfills the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. (MSW). ..
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Public Consortia is expected to reduce costs due to economies of scale and smaller demand for land. However, the PNRS has some limitations, such as the inability of municipalities to apply its requirements because of municipal administrative capacity-lack of financial and technical resources, infrastructure or the complexity of the Law.
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Instead of pointing out which factors most influence the efficiency of Consortia, the paper exposes which of them are considered on its formation and the consequences for their efficiency. Objectives of the 29 Public Consortia. These priorities include the reduction of waste generation, reducing final disposal on the ground, maximizing reuse, the selective collection and recycling, composting and energy recovery. Financial, economic and technical issues are the main reasons for municipalities to seek a joint solution for their SWM.
In places without waste management policy, the first step is the implementation of a direct regulation. It also presents some requirements, such as closing landfills, creating plans, implementation of proper disposal of waste treatment, recycling, composting, gas recovery from landfills, planning and cost recovery initiatives. Upper Saddle River, NJ: They pointed out some advantages and disadvantages of municipalities deciding to create Consortia for SWM.
The Integrated Solid Waste Management Plans 3 is a key issue of the law, and should include diagnostic studies on solid waste generation, identify favorable areas for disposal, regional solutions and opportunities for consortia solutions, operating rules, technical training activities, actions with the participation of interest groups, the costing system, collection forms of service delivery, identifying environmental liabilities and remedial measures, among others Brazil, a 4.
International Tax and Public Finance, 14, Given the nonexistence of data on characteristics.
In this paper, we analyze Public Consortia of Municipalities, a basic instrument of the National Policy for Solid Waste of Brazil, a country with more than municipalities. However, only eight Consortia out of the 29 signaled the priority of access to resources as an incentive for the formation of Consortia.
In addition, it focuses in small municipalities, which present greater difficulties in the provision of MSWM services-lack of resources, infrastructure and technical capacity. The questionnaire was made available on a website for 30 days from May to June With the gathering of information and the collection of empirical data, it was possible to reveal problems that would otherwise go unnoticed, as the identification of primary issues in the management of solid waste that interfere in encouraging consortiums solutions.
The survey of existing Public Consortia for SWM was conducted from January to May based upon responses received by email, phone contacts, internet searches, review of academic papers on specific Consortia, municipal laws, reports and State Integrated Plans.
This reality of municipal solid waste management MSWM is also present in a large and economic diversified country like Brazil, where municipalities are responsible, by law, for the provision for public service of urban cleaning and solid waste management.
However, municipalities, the smaller ones, face difficulties for SWM: In Table 4 we summarize a proposal ee what should be considered in each criterion for evaluating SWM through Public Consortia based upon the Brazilian experience. In this context, effective management of municipal waste is decrwto, but local authorities in many countries are constrained by limited finances and inadequate services.
In addition, it shows the relevance of the evaluation and makes a proposal on how and what to evaluate in USW management through Public Consortia from the obtained results. Any policy maker becomes apprehensive in analyzing these results. Based upon the results of our sample of 29 Public Consortia in Brazil it is possible to evaluate this instrument, as a PNRS instrument.
This is a relevant question from a public policy making point of view.
Therefore, prioritizing public resources by forming Consortia established in the PNRS is not necessarily associated with effective management; it can potentially induce ineffectiveness and inefficiency of the SWM policy, among other relevant issues.
It was carried out then a data survey on the sources of funding for MSWM, since the lack of municipal resources is the first justification for encouraging Consortia. The lack of municipal technical capacity was evident throughout the research, confirmed by the answers of the Consortia.
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The Consortia indicated some reasons for the non-operation: Six of them did not answer the question. Data from the IBGE a confirms that the absence of such analyzes is a dominant reality in Brazilian municipalities, given that only Decfeto that the major goal of the 29 Consortia is the final disposal of solid waste and, consequently, the construction of landfills, it is motive of concern the low proportion of studies on territorial characteristics, land use occupation and distance between the municipalities in the answers of the 29 Consortia.
Public Policy steps-first phase-desirable components e observed results on the 29 Consortia. The informational gap identified led us to expand the purpose of the work, corroborating the vision of Ethridge to expose that the data 74404 the data collection process can affect how one perceives dscreto problem and how one takes conscience of it.
Public Consortia as an Alternative Scale-Efficient?