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Ivory relief sculpted in the 18th century by an anonymous author. As the Persians advanced farther and farther to the Greek flanks in their attack, Alexander slowly filtered in his rear guard.
File:Batalla de Gaugamela (M.A.N. Inv) jpg – Wikimedia Commons
The Achaemenid Persian Empire is traditionally considered to have ended with the death of Darius. When Alexander discovered Darius murdered, he was saddened to see an enemy he respected killed in such a fashion, and gave Darius a full burial ceremony at Persepolis, the former ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire, before angrily pursuing Bessus, capturing and executing him the following year.
The following other wikis use this file: Fox, Robin Lane While the infantry battled the Persian troops in the centre, Alexander began to ride all the way to the edge of the right flank, accompanied by his Companion Cavalry.
De Gauamela, Marc G. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses: View all coordinates using: Representa el combate librado en a. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it.
File:Batalla de Gaugamela (M.A.N. Inv.1980-60-1) 03.jpg
I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses: Captured Persian scouts reported to the Macedonians that Darius had encamped past the Tigris River and wanted to prevent Alexander from crossing. Sixty Companions were killed in the engagement, and HephaestionCoenus and Menidas were all injured. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file.
Parmenion was stationed on the left with the ThessaliansGreek mercenaries and Thracian cavalry. The Persians also who were riding round the wing were seized with alarm when Aretes made a vigorous attack upon them.
Alexander then ordered Aristo at the head of the Paeonians and Grecian auxiliaries to attack the Scythians, and the barbarians gave way. Diodorus is the only ancient historian who mentions that Alexander concealed this letter and presented his friends with a forged one favorable to his own interests. It demanded that he withdraw from Asia and release his prisoners. Among the other Persian troops, the most heavily armed were the Armenianswho were armed the Greek way and probably fought as a phalanx.
But the rest of the Bactrians, drawing near to the Paeonians and Grecian auxiliaries, caused their own comrades who were already in flight to turn and renew the battle; and thus they brought about a general cavalry engagement, in which more of Alexander’s men fell, not only being overwhelmed by the multitude of the barbarians, but also because the Scythians themselves and their horses were much more completely protected with armour for guarding their bodies.
Behind them were Thessalian cavalry under Phillip, and Achaean mercenaries.
Darius chose a flat, open plain where he could deploy his larger forces, not wanting to be caught in a narrow battlefield as he had been at Issus two years earlier, where he could not deploy his huge army properly. Alexander the Great Bucephalus User: From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.
This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. Bessus commanded the left flank with the BactriansDahae cavalry, Arachosian cavalry, Persian cavalry, Susian cavalry, Cadusian cavalry and Scythians. National Archaeological Museum of Spain.
Battle of Gaugamela
Alexander’s pezhetairoi were armed with a six-metre pike, the sarissa. History of the Art of War. Darius had retreated to Babylonwhere he regrouped his remaining army.