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My father, a few daies before his death, lighting by chance upon this booke, which before he had neglected, amongst other writings commanded mee to translate the same into French. Who hath sealed him his patent? The tenor of the oath ministred unto the schollars that entered and were admitted the rude schoole of Roman Gladiators emplied these promises, which was this: Men are but directors unto it and use religion for a show: And if it happen they be dispoyled of this ornament, and of the helpe and approbation of faith, and taken but for meere humane fantazies, yet to combat those that headlong are fallen into the dreadfull error and horrible darkenesse of irreligious even then shall they be found as firme and forcible as any other of that condition that may be opposed against them.
Surely we have strangely overpaid this worthie discourse, whereof we so much glorie, and this readinesse to judge, or capacitie to Know, if we have purchased the same with the price of so infinite passions to which we are uncessantly enthralled. Androclus at last taking hart of grace, and by reason of the Lions mildnesse having rouzed up his spirits, and wishly fixing his eies upon him, to see whether he could call him to remembrance, it was to all beholders a singular pleasure to observe the love, the joy, and blandishments each endevored to enter-shew one another.
How comes it to passe that so few are found who have still held one same wil and progresse in our publike revolutions, and that we see them now and then but faintly and sometimes as fast as they can headlong to runne into the action? It is one same nature which still doth keepe her course. As did also the dogge of one called Pyrrhus, who after he was dead would never budge from his masters couch, and when he was removed suffered himselfe to be carried away with him, and at last flung himselfe into the fire wherein his master was consumed.
A man must needs rest assured of the confidence they had in these beasts, and of their discourse, yeelding the front of a battel unt o them; where the least stay they could have made, by reason of their hugenesse and weight of their bodies, and the least amazement that might have made them turne head upon their owne men, had bin sufficient to lose all.
The Essays of Montaigne/Book II/Chapter XII
If we be not pleased as Socrates szbunde to make this noble prerogative over beasts, to be of force, that whereas nature hath subscribed them certaine seasons and bounds for their naturall lust and voluptuousnesse, she hath given us at all howers and occasions the full reines of them.
Which objection seemeth to containe some zeale of pietie; by reason whereof we ought, with so much more mildnes and regard, endevour to satisfie them that propose it. Aristotle is of opinion that Nightingales teach their young ones to sing, wherein they employ both long time and much care: Neverthelesse I thinke, that even as to a matter so divine and high, and so much exceeding al humane understanding, as is this verity, wherwith dabunde hath pleased the goodness of God to enlighten raimundl, it is most requisit that he affoord and lend us his helpe; And that; with an extraordinary and privileged favour, sabunee so we may the better conceive and entertaine the same: Our whining, our puling, and our weeping is common to most creatures, and divers of them are often seene to waile and grone a long time after their birth, forsomuch as it is a countenance fitting the weaknesse wherein they feele themselves.
Retrieved from ” https: Apologx all creatures man is the most miserable and fraile, and therewithall the proudest and disdainfullest.
The Essays of Montaigne/Book II/Chapter XII – Wikisource, the free online library
Man must be forced and marshalled within the lists of this policie. And there is not any but she hath amply stored with all necessary meanes for the preservation of their being. Let us see what hold-fast or free-hold he hath in this gorgeous and goodly equipage. He that shall number us by our actions and proceedings, shall doubtlesse finde many more excellent ones amongst the ignorant than among the wiser sort: Thus orderly marshaled, they take their course and swim whither their journey tends, as broad and wide behind as before: Can there be a more formall and better ordained policie, divided into so severall charges and offices, more constantly entertained, and better maintained, than that of Bees?
Raymond of Sabunde
And the Emperour Caligula, sailing with a great fleet along the coast of Romania, his owne galley was suddenly staied by ed a fish, which he caused to be taken sticking fast to the keele, moodily raging that so little a creature had the power to force both sea and winde, and the violence of all his oares, onely with her bil sticking to his galley for it is a kinde of shellfish and was much more amazed when he perceived the fish being brought aboord his ship to have no longer that powerfull vertue which it had being in the sea.
That is the occasion why ignorance is by our religion recommended unto us as an instrument fitting beleefe and obedience: And what qualities of our corporall constitution, both in Plato and Cicero, cannot fit and serve a thousand beasts?
Loe, here the interpretation that Cleanthes gave it: In Peru, the greatest eares are ever esteemed the fairest, which with all art and industrie they are continually stretching out; and a man who yet liveth sweareth to have seen in a Province of the East Indias the people so carefull to make them great, and so to load them with heavie jewels, that with ease he could have thrust his arme through one of their eare-holes. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat The handles and swathes about our children are no more necessary: From obeying and yeelding unto him proceed all other vertues, even as all sinnes derive from selfe-overweening.
By that reason, the fox, which the inhabitants of Thrace use when they will attempt to march upon the yce of some frozen river, and to that end let her go loose raomundo them, should we see her running alongst the river side, approch her eare close to the yce, to listen whether by any farre or neere distance she may heare the noyse or roaring of the water running under the same, and according as she perceiveth the yce thereby to be thicke or thinne, to goe either forward or backward; might not we lawfully judge that the same discourse possesseth her head as in like case it would ours?
Keep warme ’tis meete the head and feete: This horror-causing aray of so many thousands of armed men, so great fusion, earnest aoologa, and undaunted courage, it would make one laugh to see by how many vaine occasions it is raised and set on fire, and by what light meanes it is again suppressed and extinct.
It is no great marvell if we understand them not: The hatred of one man, a spight, a pleasure, a familiar suspect, or a jealousie, causes which ought not to move two scolding fish-wives to scratch one another, is the soule and motive of all this hurly-burly.
And certaine other beasts given to love the males of their owne sex? And what is that but the effect of a very subtill spirit?
I found the conceits raimunco the author to be excellent, the contexture of his worke well followed, and his project full of pietie.
Considering the importance of Princes actions, and their weight, raimuneo perswade ourselves they are brought forth by some weighty and important causes; wee are deceived: To consider the power of domination these bodies have not onely upon our lives and condition of our fortune. Our zeale worketh wonders, whenever it secondeth our inclinations towards hatred, crueltie, ambition, avarice, detraction, or rebellion.